If we look at the list of key macroeconomic data published in recent weeks, we can not use a better definition than “disappointing”.
The slowdown in the eurozone is evident and more pronounced than even the most pessimistic expected. Both industrial production, consumer confidence and indicators such as the trade surplus have deteriorated sharply. But there is growth. Despite the bad data, the Italian recession and the fact that the European Commission has had to revise down by more than 30% its own estimates from a month ago, Europe will likely grow in 2019.
China continues to slow down under the weight of its indebted and inefficient model, but it also grows. The United States showed poor retail sales data, but both employment and gross capital formation show that the economy continues to expand. The emerging countries have worsened their prospects, but have navigated the monetary imbalances that deactivated the mirage of synchronized growth in 2018.
What does all this say? We have gone from a shock of euphoria in the first part of 2018 to a shock of pessimism in recent months and back to euphoria, yet macro indicators and corporate profits do not indicate a 2008 recession.
Why? If we remember 2007, the deterioration of the leading macroeconomic indicators was much more aggressive and, in addition, corporate profits showed weakness, poor sales, and margins that could presage what finally happened. It is not the case now. Corporate profits published this month are no party, but show widespread growth and, most importantly, expectations for a mildly decent 2019 and 2020.
Can this change and become a crisis? Yes, and that is why we must keep our attention focused on fundamentals, but the reality is that today we do not see macroeconomic or corporate indicators that indicate a crisis. Rather, the three “Ls” that we mentioned in 2017: low growth, low rates, low inflation.
What has led to this period of market euphoria if the macro data and profits are not spectacular?
(World Equity Index vs Economic Surprise and Money Supply vs Economic Surprise)
Simply a change of trend in global liquidity led by a U-turn in the process of normalization of central banks. In 2018 we saw the first drop in global liquidity in more than a decade, and that generated significant losses in financial markets. Since the end of December stock markets have rebounded strongly because the data, although poor, is not as bad as feared, and mainly because the Federal Reserve changed its tone on the number of rate hikes, the ECB announced that it would be much more accommodative and the Central Bank of China introduced the largest injection of liquidity in five years.
In fact, between December 26 and February 15 we have seen the largest injection of liquidity in the markets of the last two years, bringing the global money supply to record levels. Bloomberg published my comments in an article (“Follow The Money“) where I said that the global risk rally was driven by soaring money supply, while CNBC published my article reducing the optimistic expectations about the China-US trade agreement (here), which adds to the caution I recommended about the US economy in Forbes (here). Let’s forget the “synchronized growth” and look for opportunities where margins and earnings growth do not depend on abnormal expectations of inflation. Look for de-correlated returns in stocks and bonds of companies that have strengthened cash-flow generation, where margins are stable and growth undemanding. Yes, they may seem more expensive than other asset classes, but the biggest risk in this market is in the optically cheap sectors and assets, and in sovereign bonds. All this gives us strengths to continue analyzing where opportunities are located and in what assets and sectors we see value, in “returning to fundamentals”.
A version of this article first appeared here.
Daniel Lacalle is one the most influential economists in the world. He is Chief Economist at Tressis SV, Fund Manager at Adriza International Opportunities, Member of the advisory board of the Rafael del Pino foundation, Commissioner of the Community of Madrid in London, President of Instituto Mises Hispano and Professor at IE Business School, London School of Economics, IEB and UNED. Mr. Lacalle has presented and given keynote speeches at the most prestigious forums globally including the Federal Reserve in Houston, the Heritage Foundation in Washington, London School of Economics, Funds Society Forum in Miami, World Economic Forum, Forecast Summit in Peru, Mining Show in Dubai, Our Crowd in Jerusalem, Nordea Investor Summit in Oslo, and many others. Mr Lacalle has more than 24 years of experience in the energy and finance sectors, including experience in North Africa, Latin America and the Middle East. He is currently a fund manager overseeing equities, bonds and commodities. He was voted Top 3 Generalist and Number 1 Pan-European Buyside Individual in Oil & Gas in Thomson Reuters’ Extel Survey in 2011, the leading survey among companies and financial institutions. He is also author of the best-selling books: “Life In The Financial Markets” (Wiley, 2014), translated to Portuguese and Spanish ; “The Energy World Is Flat” (Wiley, 2014, with Diego Parrilla), translated to Portuguese and Chinese ; “Escape from the Central Bank Trap” (2017, BEP), translated to Spanish. Mr Lacalle also contributes at CNBC, World Economic Forum, Epoch Times, Mises Institute, Hedgeye, Zero Hedge, Focus Economics, Seeking Alpha, El Español, The Commentator, and The Wall Street Journal. He holds a PhD in Economics, CIIA financial analyst title, with a post graduate degree in IESE and a master’s degree in economic investigation (UCV).