Blockchain and Energy

Blockchain and Energy

Like in most industries today, consumer satisfaction is driving the way power companies plan to deliver service in the near future. Blockchain in energy is the latest approach in the same direction.

Energy plays a decisive role in the socio-economic development of any country. With a rise in energy consumption, depletion of non-renewable resources, and concerns around the environment, the need to think beyond immediate needs is now. Blockchain in energy allows for a wide array of economic opportunities for both individuals and industries.

Blockchain in Energy: Rise of Prosumers

With the entry of blockchain in the energy sector, a surge in distributed technologies is all set to overthrow the traditional power delivery system. Blockchain is changing the dynamics of the utility-customer relationship, giving rise to a new class of customers called ‘prosumers’. The term, first coined by Alvin Toffler in 1980, refers to individuals playing the role of a producer and consumer both.

The rise of prosumers in the energy market was witnessed as a response to European Union’s aim of reducing greenhouse gases by 80 percent in 2050. Since the European energy distribution networks are highly centralized, more and more consumers began producing most of their energy with “green” technologies, using domestic solar panels and wind turbines. So if your neighbor has generated energy in excess of what he or she needs for their own consumption, they can offer to sell it to someone in the neighborhood who’s facing an energy deficit. Blockchain forms the backbone of such an arrangement among prosumers. Right from simpler billing processes to establishment of smart contracts among prosumers in a neighborhood, blockchain takes care of almost everything needed to run such a micro energy grid.

Blockchain in Energy: Benefits to Offer

The decentralization that follows blockchain, offers a myriad of benefits to the energy sector. The technology enables dynamic pricing, flexibility in operations, support to prosumers, and adds transparency to involved transactions. Blockchain in energy has something in store for everyone – energy companies, governments, contractors, suppliers, and end-users. Shared below are a few significant benefits:

  • Blockchain in energy means decentralization of the existing centralized grid. Decentralized models would eliminate the need for third party intermediaries resulting in transaction costs
  • Decentralized storage of transaction data ensures data security and greater independence from a central authority, leading to more transparency
  • Blockchain in energy facilitates the realization of community-funded energy projects
  • Greater flexibility in switching tariffs and suppliers is another benefit
  • Enabling rewards and certificates for producers of “green” energy is an added advantage that comes with blockchain in energy
  • Donations for sustainable energy projects can be made using cryptocurrencies
  • A concrete move in the direction of ‘smart’ homes and cities

As promising as it may sound, blockchain in energy will require legal and regulatory frameworks to accommodate the requirements of a decentralized transaction model. Measures to ensure protection and to keep a check on prosumers need to be in place. Blockchain in energy is not just about trading of data and information: it’s about trading energy. Stakeholders need to reach a consensus on what model of implementation – decentralized or a hybrid between traditional and decentralized – works best in their landscape.

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  • Patrick Vargas

    Awesome read

  • Joe Morley

    I think that blockchain will change the landscape of the energy industry

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Naveen Joshi

Tech Expert

Naveen is the Founder and CEO of Allerin, a software solutions provider that delivers innovative and agile solutions that enable to automate, inspire and impress. He is a seasoned professional with more than 20 years of experience, with extensive experience in customizing open source products for cost optimizations of large scale IT deployment. He is currently working on Internet of Things solutions with Big Data Analytics. Naveen completed his programming qualifications in various Indian institutes.

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