Human intelligence has been a subject of great interest and research across various scientific disciplines for centuries.
There are several theories of human intelligence, including psychometrics, cognitive, cognitive contextual, and biological perspectives. Additionally, there are numerous ways we can categorize and define human intelligence, for example fluid or crystallized intelligence. Furthermore, we may encounter multiple intelligence types, such as existential, linguistic, mathematical, intrapersonal, interpersonal, musical, visual-spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, and naturalistic.
Fluid intelligence is the ability to think flexibly, reason abstractly, and solve novel problems. It involves mental agility, pattern recognition, and the capacity to adapt to new situations. Fluid intelligence is considered relatively independent of specific knowledge and is crucial for problem-solving in unfamiliar contexts.
Crystallized intelligence, on the other hand, encompasses acquired knowledge, skills, and expertise. It reflects the application of previously learned information and experiences. Crystallized intelligence is influenced by education, cultural exposure, and individual experiences.
The concept of multiple intelligences, proposed by Howard Gardner, suggests that intelligence is not a singular entity but comprises various distinct types. Some of these intelligence types include: Existential, Linguistic, Mathematical ,Intrapersonal,Interpersonal, Musical,Visual-Spatial ,Bodily-Kinesthetic, and Naturalistic.
Understanding executive functioning is crucial for academic success, professional productivity, and our wellbeing, as it facilitates effective decision-making, goal attainment, and self-regulation.
Executive functioning refers to cognitive processes enabling individuals to plan, organize, prioritize, and regulate their thoughts and behaviors. Critical components of executive functioning include working memory, self-monitoring, planning and prioritizing, task initiation, organization, impulse control, emotional control, and flexible thinking.
By exploring these theories and all types of intelligence, researchers and practitioners can further our understanding of human cognition and its implications in various domains of life.
While AI tools have made significant advancements in various domains, it is essential to recognize that none of the currently developed AI systems can fully accomplish all aspects of executive functioning. Executive functioning encompasses complex cognitive processes that require a deep understanding of context, emotional intelligence, and dynamic decision-making.
When trained adequately, AI tools may excel in specific tasks. However, human oversight is crucial during the training, evaluation, and deployment of AI systems to ensure ethical and responsible decision-making. In addition, human judgment, intuition, and adaptability are essential in addressing unexpected situations, interpreting nuanced information, and considering ethical implications.
While AI can support and enhance executive functioning tasks, the combination of human intelligence and AI capabilities holds the potential for achieving optimal results. Collaboration between humans and AI systems can harness the strengths of both, leading to more effective decision-making and problem-solving in complex scenarios.
Hybrid augmented intelligence, which combines the strengths of humans and machines, is poised to transform industries and revolutionize how we learn, educate, and work. However, to fully realize the potential of these HAI systems, it is crucial to implement robust data governance and strict oversight of human-computer virtual workflows to avoid ethics and cybersecurity breaches. This requires optimal executive cognitive functioning by the humans involved and ethics by design for all human-computer-human interactions.
When deployed in compliance with digital ethics and data governance frameworks, Hybrid augmented intelligence (HAI) can leverage the complementary strengths of human and machine intelligence. The Generative AI set of tools has immense potential to transform education, learning, workflows, and productivity. However, it is essential to have a balanced and responsible approach that prioritizes ethical principles and robust data governance. Although Generative AI can improve the speed of our execution in various tasks and increase efficiency, it depends on valid and authenticated datasets, requires specific instructions to deliver expected results, and requires a high level of expertise to evaluate the veracity of outputs. It is also crucial to ensure that it does not compromise privacy or amplify pre-existing biases. Therefore we must design and develop responsible, transparent, accountable, and trustworthy generative AI systems with proactive, robust digital ethics guardrails in place.
Leveraging the massive sets of data generated and stored in the cloud in this era of Hybrid Augmented Intelligence will have a profound and transformative impact. Redesigned human-computer workflows will play a pivotal role in optimizing productivity and enhancing human-machine collaboration, will replace some jobs and generate new types of jobs that have never existed before.
The contemporary use of data in the era of hybrid augmented intelligence poses significant challenges, such as ensuring data quality and accuracy. It is paramount to devise robust systems that can verify the validity and reliability of data in light of the exponential growth in data generation and collection. In addition, ethical concerns surrounding data privacy and security must be carefully evaluated to maintain data integrity. As machines increasingly augment human intelligence, redesigning workflows, reimagining roles and responsibilities, redefining task boundaries, and creating a culture of collaboration that emphasizes the shared responsibility of humans and machines will be vital for success. Synthetic data sets, combined with real user-generated data sets will likely play a key role, as well as digital twin technologies.
Conversely, unprecedented opportunities exist for data leveraging in the contemporary context, especially as we transition towards a more decentralized Web 3.0 infrastructure. This transition provides novel data ownership and control opportunities, which can be employed to create more equitable and sustainable systems. Furthermore, aligning data strategies with the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals and net-zero agendas can contribute to realizing positive social and environmental outcomes.
There is a critical need to advance data-driven approaches that balance innovation, cyber-ethics, and sustainability. Robust data governance is essential for the ethical and efficient use of HAI. This includes ensuring data consent, authentication, validation, and provenance. In addition to data governance, it is essential to have strict oversight of human-computer virtual workflows to avoid ethics and cybersecurity breaches. Accomplishing these goals includes increased transparency and explainability, ] making decision-making processes transparent and understandable.
Hybrid Augmented Intelligence (HAI) can be envisioned to revolutionize the way we work, learn, and make decisions. At its core, HAI involves a partnership between humans and machines, where each party contributes their unique strengths and capabilities. Human cognitive skills, such as creativity, emotional intelligence, and critical thinking, complement AI models' analytical and computational power. By leveraging the strengths of humans and machines, HAI can achieve a performance level more significant than either could achieve alone.
The various types of human intelligence also play a crucial role in HAI. Logical-mathematical intelligence, for example, is critical for tasks that involve quantitative analysis and problem-solving, while linguistic intelligence is vital for tasks that involve communication and language processing. Similarly, spatial intelligence is essential for tasks that involve visual perception and manipulation, and bodily-kinesthetic intelligence is critical for jobs that involve physical coordination and dexterity.
Executive decision-making skills, which involve analyzing complex information, considering different perspectives, and making strategic decisions, are also critical aspects of HAI. These skills are essential for tasks that require high-level decision-making, such as in business, politics, and science. HAI can enhance executive decision-making by providing a wealth of data and analysis that can inform and support decision-making while also providing human intuition and judgment that can balance the limitations of AI models.
To ensure optimal executive cognitive functioning, it is essential to have a strong understanding of HAI's potential benefits and risks and a deep understanding of the capabilities and limitations of the technology. It is also necessary to have a culture of ethical decision-making, with clear guidelines and procedures for ethical behavior.
Implementing an "ethics by design model for HAI" at every layer and every step within complex workflows is critical for ensuring that all human-computer-human interactions are conducted ethically and with the highest level of integrity. This includes designing HAI systems with ethical considerations, including privacy, security, and transparency. It also requires ongoing monitoring and evaluation of HAI systems to ensure they function as intended and identify and address potential ethical issues. Implementing an "ethics by design model for HAI" at every layer and every step is critical for ensuring that all human-computer-human interactions are conducted ethically and with the highest level of integrity. This includes designing ethical, responsible, and sustainable HAI systems. It also requires ongoing monitoring and evaluation of HAI systems to ensure they function as intended and identify and address potential ethical issues.
The emergence of the metaverse(s) and omniverse has transformed the landscape of human-computer interaction, ushering in a new era of hybrid augmented intelligence (HAI) that aims to optimally leverage the capabilities of both human and artificial intelligence. In this context, it is imperative to also design novel hybrid augmented intelligence workflows that can address the critical challenges of reliable performance, safety, and security while adhering to responsible and trustworthy AI principles.
It is expected that the metaverse(s) and omniverse will acquire a high level of intelligent automation and a superior level of executive cognitive functioning to operate at optimal effectiveness and efficiency, Both types have challenges that must be addressed. To overcome these challenges, a novel hybrid augmented intelligence system that combines the strengths, while minimizing the weknesses and mitigatez the risks of both (human and artificial intelligence )is essential. This system should be designed to optimize the performance of the metaverse and omniverse while operating within the guardrails of state-of-the-art cyber-ethics frameworks.
The ultimate goal of this novel Hybrid Augmented Intelligence (HAI ) workflow for the meta or omni-human is to enhance the capabilities of human beings while enabling them to operate effectively in the complex and dynamic environment of the metaverse(s) and omniverse. Achieving this goal will require significant advancements and refinements in the current portfolio of AI tools and methods and close multi-disciplinary collaboration with experts in design thinking, systems thinking, and human-computer interaction.
The convergence of generative AI, cognitive AI, semantic web analysis, neuromorphic computing, quantum computing, and high-performing brain-computer interfaces holds immense potential in augmenting human intelligence and paving the way for a new era of intelligence, often called metahuman intelligence.
Generative AI, powered by deep learning algorithms, enables machines to generate new multi-modal content, such as images, music, text, audio, video, or 3D designs mimicking human creativity. By combining generative AI with cognitive AI, which focuses on simulating human cognitive processes, machines can produce more advanced creative outputs.
Semantic web analysis, which extracts meaning and relationships from web data, enhances the understanding of vast information. By employing semantic web analysis techniques, AI systems can analyze and interpret the context and semantics of data, leading to more advanced and comprehensive knowledge representation.
Neuromorphic computing, inspired by the structure and function of the human brain, enables AI systems to process information in a highly parallel and energy-efficient manner. This technology can mimic the brain's neural architecture, allowing for faster and more efficient computation and learning.
With its exponential computational power, quantum computing can solve complex problems and optimize algorithms beyond the capabilities of classical computers. Moreover, by harnessing the principles of quantum mechanics, quantum computing can revolutionize data analysis, optimization, and simulation, opening new frontiers for AI systems.
High-performing brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) directly link the human brain and machines, facilitating bidirectional communication and control. BCIs enable humans to interact with AI systems seamlessly, accessing and integrating machine intelligence into their cognitive processes. This symbiotic relationship between humans and AI systems through BCIs can enhance human cognitive capabilities and enable new forms of collaboration and problem-solving.
The integration of these technologies can lead to the emergence of a novel type of intelligence, metahuman intelligence. Metahuman intelligence combines the creativity, comprehension, and reasoning abilities of AI systems with the innate cognitive capabilities of humans. Metahumans in this new digital era can leverage AI's computational power and knowledge representation, expanding their cognitive horizons and enabling them to tackle complex challenges across diverse domains.
It is essential to carefully consider the ethical implications, privacy concerns, and the responsible development and use of metahuman intelligence. Safeguards must be in place to ensure transparency, accountability, and the protection of human rights as this new paradigm unfolds.
By combining human cognitive abilities with AI systems' computational power and capabilities, this new digital era can empower individuals with unprecedented intelligence and problem-solving capacities, leading to transformative advancements in various fields and shaping the future of human-AI collaboration.
Ingrid Vasiliu-Feltes, MD MBA Is a healthcare executive, futurist and globalist who is highly dedicated to digital and ethics advocacy. She is a Forbes Business Council member, digital strategist, passionate educator and entrepreneurship ecosystem builder, known as an expert speaker, board advisor and consultant. Throughout her career she has received several awards for excellence in research, teaching or leadership. She is the recipient of numerous awards most notably: WBAF World Excellence AwardSocial Entrepreneurship 2021, Top 20 Global Leaders in Digital Twins Technologies, Top 50 Global Leaders in Health Tech,Top 50 Global Ecosystem Leaders, Top 100 Visionary In Education Award 2021, Top 100 Global Women in Leadership Award 2021, Top 100 World Women Vision Award, 2021-Innovation & Tech, Top 100 Women in Social Enterprise 2021 (nominee),Top 50 Global Thinkers (Nominee),Nations of Women Change Makers Award(finalist),Top 100 Healthcare Leader 2020 Award, Top 100 Finance Leader 2020 Award, and Top 100 Women in Crypto 2020. Additionally, she serves as an Expert Advisor to the EU Blockchain Observatory Forum, and was appointed to the Board of UN Legal and Economic Empowerment Network. Dr. Vasiliu-Feltes is CEO of Softhread Inc., the Founder and CEO of The Science, Entrepreneurship and Investments Institute, and currently serving as a Country Director for WBAF USA, Senator of WBAF, Faculty Member of the WBAF Business School-Division of Entrepreneurship, and teaching the Executive MBA Business Technology Course at the UM Business School. She is also acting as the Chief Innovation Officer for the Government Blockchain Association. Most recently she served as President of Detect Genomix, Chief Quality and Safety Officer Chief and Innovation Officer for Mednax, Chief Quality and Safety Officer and Chief of Compliance for the University of Miami UHealth System During her academic tenure she taught several courses within the Medical School, as well as the combined MD/PhD and MD/MPH programs. Throughout her career, Dr. Vasiliu-Feltes held several leadership positions and is a member of numerous prestigious professional organizations. She holds several certifications, such as Bioethics from Harvard, Artificial Intelligence and Business Strategy from MIT Sloan, Blockchain Technology and Business Innovation from MIT Sloan, Finance from Harvard Business School, Negotiation from Harvard Law School, Innovation and Entrepreneurship from Stanford Graduate School of Business, Certified Professional in Healthcare Risk Management, Fellow of the American College of Healthcare Executives, Patient Safety Officer by the International Board Federation of Safety Managers, Master Black Belt in Lean and Six Sigma Management, Professional in Healthcare Quality by the National Association of Healthcare Quality, Manager for Quality and Organizational Excellence, by the American Society for Quality, and Certified Risk Management Professional by the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management. Additionally, Dr. Vasiliu-Feltes is an Honorary Advisory Board Member of several companies, as well as an Editorial Board Member for several international publications, an author and TV/Media partner.