Microsoft is ringing the warning bell on firmware attacks.
Its survey of 1000 cybersecurity leaders across industries in North America, Europe, and Asia finds that while 80% of firms have been hit by at least one firmware attack in the past two years, only 29% of security budgets are designated to defend against such threats.
So, what exactly is a firmware attack? To answer this, let’s explore what firmware is. To keep it brief, firmware is permanent software code installed on a small chip on a piece of hardware. Just about any modern technology has firmware. Here are some examples of devices with firmware:
Firmware is vital because it carries a set of instructions for the hardware. Companies release firmware updates for their hardware to address compatibility issues, finetune programming, or offer updates. For example, if you own a video game console like a PlayStation, you probably update the firmware quite regularly to fix issues or unlock features.
Firmware attacks are sneaky attacks that target your machine’s firmware through malicious software. They’re sneaky because they bypass basic anti-malware security software by compromising a device before it can boot up. Let’s look at some more reasons why a firmware attack is dangerous:
Cars are becoming increasingly smarter. In the not-too-distant future, self-driving vehicles may be commonplace. Even now, cars get firmware updates for performance, navigation, audio, etc. Theoretically, a firmware attack on cars could be chaotic.
Just recently, a Belgian security researcher found an inexpensive way to hack a Tesla within minutes by exploiting a flaw in the firmware update process of Tesla Model X key fobs. This attack was the researcher's third successful Tesla hack in three years.
Unfortunately, there’s no guaranteed way to stop firmware attacks, and the onus is on the manufacturers to plug flaws and keep firmware secure. However, the following tips help.
It’s also a good idea to make backups of your firmware. In the event of a firmware attack, you may be able to salvage your hardware by restoring data.
Matthew Rosenquist is an industry-recognized pragmatic, passionate, and innovative strategic security expert with 28 years of experience. He thrives in challenging cybersecurity environments and in the face of ever shifting threats. A leader in identifying opportunities, driving industry change, and building mature security organizations, Matthew delivers capabilities for sustainable security postures. He has experience in protecting billions of dollars of corporate assets, consulting across industry verticals, understanding current and emerging risks, communicating opportunities, forging internal cooperation and executive buy-in, and developing practical strategies. Matthew is a trusted advisor, security expert, and evangelist for academia, businesses, and governments around the world. A public advocate for best-practices, and communicating the risks and opportunities emerging in cybersecurity. He delivers engaging keynotes, speeches, interviews, and consulting sessions at conferences and to audiences around the globe. He has attracted a large social following of security peers, is an active member on advisory boards, and quoted in news, magazines, and books. Matthew is a recognized industry expert, speaker, and leader who enjoys the pursuit of achieving optimal cybersecurity. Matthew Rosenquist is experienced in building world class teams and capabilities, managing security operations, evangelizing best-practices to the market, developing security products, and improving corporate security services.