Artificial intelligence is widely used in a range of industries and greatly affects a nation's competitiveness and security.
The United States of America is losing the artificial intelligence supremacy to China.
The increasing importance of information in military and warfare is making digital technology and its applications, such as analytics, AI, and augmented reality, indispensable to future conflicts.
It is fascinating and at the same time scary to see what the future of war may look like, and how devastating the aftermath can be.
Artifiicial intelligence weapons can attack with increased speed and precision compared to existing military weapons.
China’s global share of research papers in the field of AI has vaulted from 4.26% (1,086) in 1997 to 27.68% in 2017 (37,343), surpassing any other country in the world, including the U.S. — a position it continues to hold.
Beijing also consistently files more AI patents than any other country. As of March 2019, the number of Chinese AI firms has reached 1,189, second only to the U.S., which has more than 2,000 active AI firms. These firms focus more on speech (e.g., speech recognition, speech synthesis) and vision (e.g., image recognition, video recognition) than their overseas counterparts.
It is very active with weaponizing artificial intelligence, machine learning and deep learning technology.
China's military application of AI includes unmanned intelligent combat systems, enhancing battlefield situational awareness and decision-making, conducting multi- domain offense and defense, and facilitating advanced training, simulation, and wargaming practices.
As an example, the launch in August of nuclear-capable rocket that circled the globe took US intelligence by surprise.
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China recently tested a nuclear-capable manoeuvrable missile and Russia and the US have their own programmes. China's large population gives it advantages in generating and utilizing big data, and its decades-long effort in promoting technology and engineering gives it a rich supply of high-quality computer scientists and engineers.
US National Intelligence has recently reported that a superpower needs to lead in five technologies:
Beijing has won the artificial intelligence battle with Washington and is heading towards global dominance because of its technological advances.
China is likely to dominate many of the key emerging technologies, particularly artificial intelligence, synthetic biology and genetics within a decade.
The country has a vibrant market that is receptive to these new AI-based products, and Chinese firms are relatively fast in bringing AI products and services to the market.
Chinese consumers are also fast in adopting such products and services. As such, the environment supports rapid refinement of AI technologies and AI-powered products.
Beijing’s market is conducive to the adoption and improvement of artificial intelligence.